Eczema is a type of dermatosis that is characterized by presenting several types of lesions. It can be acute, subacute or chronic. The acute version has lesions that start with reddish marks with water bubbles on the surface that, when broken, eliminate a clear liquid, which characterizes the subacute phase of eczema. In the chronic phase, the secretion begins to dry, leading to the formation of crusts. At this stage, there is also an increase in skin thickness. The patient may have acute, acute / subacute, subacute / chronic or only chronic eczema. Thus, it is not necessary for the same patient to have all stages of eczema to make the diagnosis of acne.
There are six diseases that can manifest as eczema:
Atopic eczema or atopic dermatitis: it is an eczema that appears in specific areas of the body, such as the face, folds of arms and legs. This type is associated with asthma and rhinitis. Atopic eczema, in general, starts from the second month of life; it can appear in outbreaks and manifest itself throughout the patient's life. In this type of eczema, itching is the most important symptom, being one of the data that contribute to the diagnosis. Genetic and immunological factors favor this dermatosis.
Contact eczema or contact dermatitis: appears after contact of material or product on the individual's skin. Substances, present in the material or in the product, cause eczema because they have the ability to cause damage to skin cells, or generate an allergic reaction by the body against them. In both cases, the reactions manifest as eczema. The most frequent locations are: hands, face, neck and feet.
Ingested drug eczema or eczematous pharmacoderma: occurs when the patient takes a drug or medication that causes an unwanted reaction, which manifests itself as eczema on the skin. Antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, analgesics and other classes of drugs can trigger this condition.
Nummular eczema: characterized by symmetrical eczema plaques, distributed in various parts of the body and whose cause is unknown. Many authors consider nummular eczema as part of the atopic dermatitis picture.
Stasis eczema: located in the legs, symmetrical and associated with varicose veins of the lower limbs. Tissue malnutrition, resulting from impaired local circulation, favors the appearance of this type of eczema.
Dyshidrotic eczema or dyshidrosis: small blisters that appear on the hands and feet. It can have several causes such as atopic eczema, contact dermatitis and eczematous pharmacoderma. In addition, the presence of ringworm in the feet can lead to the formation of blisters on the hands, as an allergic reaction to the fungus present in the plantar region. There is a type of dyshidrosis called idiopathic, that is, without a determined cause, which is related to emotional stress.
In atopic and nummular eczema, skin hydration is important, which helps maintain the integrity of the skin's protective barrier.
In contact eczema and pharmacoderma, the main treatment is to avoid contact with the material that led to the formation of eczema.
Eczema can be treated with the use of PsoSeptil Cream and antiseptics such as PsoSeptil Blend Extracts.
The aforementioned guidelines, in addition to helping in the treatment of types of eczema, collaborate in preventing the recurrence of lesions.