Ichthyosis vulgaris is a dermatological condition that results in extremely dry skin. It is a hereditary disease, transmitted genetically from parents to their children. The clinical picture is caused by mutations in the genes that encode the filaggrin protein, one of the molecules responsible for the impermeability of the skin and its hydration. There is no predominance by gender or ethnicity.
The symptom of ichthyosis vulgaris basically consists of dry skin, but the clinical picture is extremely variable. Symptoms worsen in dry climates and in cold temperatures. In the mildest forms, the manifestations appear only in late childhood or adulthood, with thin and lamellar flaking of the skin. In these cases, the fold areas are generally spared. In the most severe cases, the manifestations can appear in early childhood and consist of intense peeling of the skin, scalp, palms and soles. Intense itching may also occur. The association of the disease with contact allergies is frequent.
The treatment for ichthyosis is done with hydration and exfoliation of the skin through some care, such as:
Avoid bathing with very hot water, as this dries out the skin, use soaps with neutral pH to avoid excessive dryness of the skin, comb damp hair to remove the scales from the scalp, apply exfoliating creams with Lanolin or Glycolic acid to remove dry layers of skin, creams that restore and renew the skin can also be applied. In addition, in the most severe cases, the dermatologist may recommend the use of antibiotic creams or medicine with vitamin A to reduce the risk of skin infections and prevent the appearance of scales.
Ichthyosis can be treated with ChelatoDerme and InoveDerme Lotion.